Understanding Insomnia: Breaking Down the Barriers to a Good Night’s Sleep

For countless individuals, a peaceful night’s sleep is but a dream, as insomnia continues to cast its shadow over their lives. It’s a common yet often misunderstood condition that can wreak havoc on physical, emotional, and mental wellbeing.


The struggle is real, but the good news is that you’re not alone in this battle. In this article, we’ll explore the facts about insomnia, along with insights from sleep physiologist Stephanie Romiszewski, to shed light on this pervasive issue and offer some hope for those yearning for restful nights.

Insomnia: A Widespread Concern:

Insomnia is not an isolated problem; it’s a widespread concern that impacts a significant portion of the population. In the UK, it is estimated that over 20% of the adult population experiences insomnia to some degree, according to data from the National Health Service (NHS).

Insomnia can’t be seen as a one-size-fits-all condition

Stephanie Romiszewski’s Perspective:

Stephanie Romiszewski, a respected sleep physiologist, emphasises the importance of understanding the multifaceted nature of insomnia. “Insomnia can’t be seen as a one-size-fits-all condition,” says Romiszewski. “It varies from person to person and often has different underlying causes.” She highlights that while some individuals experience insomnia as a result of stress, others may have it as a symptom of an underlying medical condition.

Types of Insomnia:

Insomnia isn’t a singular entity; it’s a complex condition with various types. Understanding these categories can help tailor approaches to manage the condition effectively:


  • Transient Insomnia: This short-term insomnia is often linked to stress, travel, or temporary disruptions in your routine.
  • Acute Insomnia: Lasting a few weeks, acute insomnia is typically related to significant life events, like a personal loss or a major transition.
  • Chronic Insomnia: The most severe form of insomnia, chronic insomnia, can persist for months or even years, negatively impacting an individual’s daily life.

The Complex Causes:

The causes of insomnia are multifaceted and interconnected. While each person’s experience may be different, common triggers include:

  • Stress and Anxiety: Excessive worry and racing thoughts can make it difficult to fall asleep or stay asleep.
  • Poor Sleep Hygiene: Irregular sleep patterns, excessive screen time before bed, and a noisy sleep environment can interfere with rest.
  • Underlying Medical Conditions: Chronic pain, allergies, and other ailments can disrupt sleep.
  • Medications: Certain drugs can affect the sleep-wake cycle.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Caffeine, alcohol, and nicotine can all impact sleep quality.

Strategies for Conquering Insomnia:

The good news is that insomnia is not impossible to get rid of. A range of strategies can help you regain control over your sleep:

  • Establish a Sleep Routine: Go to bed and wake up at the same time every day, even on weekends.
  • Create a Comfortable Sleep Environment: Keep your bedroom dark, quiet, and cool. Invest in a comfortable mattress and pillows.
  • Limit Screen Time: Avoid screens at least an hour before bedtime to reduce the stimulating effects of blue light.
  • Mindfulness and Relaxation Techniques: Meditation, deep breathing exercises, and progressive muscle relaxation can help calm the mind.
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBT-I): Consider seeking help from a therapist trained in CBT-I, a highly effective approach for treating insomnia.
  • Avoid Caffeine and Heavy Meals Before Bed: Opt for herbal tea and light snacks if you need something before sleeping.
  • Stay Active: Regular exercise can promote better sleep, but avoid vigorous activity close to bedtime.
  • Limit Naps: Keep daytime naps short (20-30 minutes) to avoid interfering with nighttime sleep.

Insomnia may be overwhelming and frustrating, but it doesn’t have to define your nights. Armed with knowledge and a variety of strategies, you can embark on a journey to serene sleep. Remember, you’re not alone in this battle, and there is a supportive community around you @happyplaceofficial.

To discover what tips Stephanie had for Fearne around sleep you can watch our latest YouTube series What Is & How To.

See more on wellbeing